Vestibular Neuritis (VN) – Acute Unilateral Peripheral Vestibulopathy This condition has many names: vestibular neuritis, vestibular neuronitis, viral neurolabyrinthitis, acute unilateral vestibular failure, acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy, acute vestibulopathy of unknown aetiology, acute unilateral peripheral deficit, epidemic vertigo & peripheral acute vestibular syndrome It is a common cause of severe prolonged dizziness due to
Vestibular Paroxysmia is a rare condition with significant overlap in symptoms and signs with other causes of dizziness, so is difficult to diagnose with certainty. It is thought to be due to an overlying compression, by the anterior inferior cerebellar artery, lateral to the midpoint of the acoustic nerve (8th cranial nerve). This compression irritates
Dizziness due to migraine is quite common; the diagnosis is based on the patient’s story as there are no clinical findings except when the patient is having an attack and there is no blood test or scan that can make the diagnosis Only in about 1/5th of patients first experience is there visual abnormalities e.g.
Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD)* is a common cause of “dizziness”. Patients have 3 key features: – A long-standing complaint** of non-spinning “dizziness” on most days, association with anxiety and low mood and a normal clinical examination. The dizziness is described as having the following features: – Unsteadiness when upright i.e. “Unsteady on walking”, “Unsteady on
Vertigo implies an abnormal sensation of movement or rotation of the patient or his or her environment. Some patients with central disease may complain of disequilibrium, imbalance, or difficulty maintaining an upright posture. Central Positional Vertigo (CPV) is a dangerous and abnormal benign positional paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV) which is often caused by disease in the
Ménière’s disease (pronounced “many-ears”) is infrequent problem of the inner ear. It is a repeating problem of the inner ear in which there is a build-up of fluid in the membranes of the inner ear giving a feeling of pressure or fullness in the ears. These membranes then suddenly burst making you feel very dizzy.
Benign Positional Paroxysmal Vertigo (BPPV) It is caused by dislodged crystals in your inner ear. These crystals are usually firmly attached to a part of your inner ear which detects gravity – so that you know what is up or down. Sometimes these crystals can become dislodged and end up in a part of the